A Data Management Plan (DMP or DMSP) details how data will be collected, processed, analyzed, described, preserved, and shared during the course of a research project. A data management plan that is associated with a research study must include comprehensive information about the data such as the types of data produced, the metadata standards used, the policies for access and sharing, and the plans for archiving and preserving data so that it is accessible over time. Data management plans ensure that data will be properly documented and available for use by other researchers in the future.
Data management plans are often required by grant funding agencies, such as the National Science Foundation (NSF) or National Institute of Health (NIH), and are ~2-page documents submitted as part of a grant application process. According to the requirements from the NIH Data Sharing and Management Policy, the information needed to complete a data management plan will include:
- Data type
- Related tools, software, and/or code
- Data standards
- Data preservation, access, and associated timelines
- Access, distribution, or reuse considerations
- Oversight of data management and sharing
DMPTool can be used to create data management plans that meet institutional and funder requirements.
The NIH has a Scientific Data Sharing website, which includes information on the NIH Policy for Data Management and Sharing Plan Requirements that will go into effect January 25, 2023.
The SPARC Sharing Requirements by Funding Agency lists and compares the major funders requiring DMPs.