A data publication is an article in a journal that is a description of the data itself, rather than an analysis of that data or findings based on that analysis. This term may also refer to a journal that only publishes such articles. Note that while putting data in a repository can be described as publishing that data, since that data can now be cited, the term data publication refers to a full article describing the data. Further, data in data publications undergo a peer review process.
Examples of Data Publications are:
Walters, William H.. 2020. “Data Journals: Incentivizing Data Access and Documentation Within the Scholarly Communication System”. Insights 33 (1): 18. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1629/uksg.510